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What is Hyperpigmentation and How can we Treat it?

What is Hyperpigmentation?

There are many types of hyperpigmentation, but the following are the most common:

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Pigment spots such as age spots are caused by sun exposure. When there's dark discoloration on the skin, too much melanin has been produced. For this reason, they appear mainly on body parts that are frequently exposed, such as the face, hands and arms. They tend to be small, darkened patches of skin. Factors like the UVA rays in sun "turn on" your pigment-making cells called melanocytes, which then pump out melanin to protect your skin. While that means a tan for many, the process can also cause dark spots and patches to crop up in over-exposed areas. Sometimes, spots can take a decade or two to show up, so if you've got hyperpigmentation making an appearance now, the damage may actually have come from your child or teen years.

Melasma is often referred to as “the mask of pregnancy”, as it affects up to 90% of pregnant women. It occurs as a result of hormonal influences such as pregnancy and birth control pills, and causes dark and irregularly shaped areas on the face or arms that can be quite large.

Post-Inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs when a skin injury or trauma heals and leaves a flat area of discolouration behind. It’s commonly found among acne sufferers, and can also be caused by cosmetic procedures such as dermabrasion, laser treatment and chemical peels.

How can we Treat Hyperpigmentation?

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One of our favourite Professional Only Cosemeceutical Treatments is our Amazing Radiance Plus+ which makes use of the Ultraceuticals 'Ultra Brightening Accelerator Mask'. This treatment is designed for skins concerned with hyperpigmentation and post inflamatory hyperpigmentation and is suitable for skins of fitzpatrick 1-6. The mask combines a powerful blend of 8 skin brightening agents that work in synergy to rapidly reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation, dark spots and blotchiness to instantly reveal a luminous complexion as well as inhibit the future formulation of melanin for a more uniformed and lighter skin appearance with minimal discomfort to the skin.  

For more detailed information and advice on how this treatment could help improve YOUR skin, why not book an appointment with one of our expert skin therapists for a consultation. 

Click HERE to book an appointment online. 

What is Hyaluronic Acid?

Hyaluronic Acid is a powerful skincare ingredient. But don’t let the word “acid” put you off. This gel-like water-holding molecule is a moisture-binding ingredient that helps keep skin plump and hydrated. And, it’s actually something our bodies naturally produce.

Hyaluronic Acid helps retain over 1,000 times its weight in water within the cells of skin, making it an excellent moisturiser. 

Scientific studies have shown that Hyaluronic Acid helps improve skin hydration and production of collagen, fight free radicals, maintain skin elasticity, and even has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that help with wound healing. Yes, please!

So why do we need more if our bodies already produce it?

Well, the average human body contains about 15 grams of Hyaluronic Acid. However, one third of that gets degraded and synthesised on a daily basis. We also produce less and less as we age. So we need more, which is why many anti-ageing products contain Hyaluronic Acid. Just choose a serum or moisturiser that contains Hyaluronic Acid (also commonly listed as Sodium Hyaluronate) for softer, smoother, more hydrated skin.